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2016年历史文献学专业硕士论文摘要
来源:清史所 作者:清史所 点击数:513 更新时间:2018-3-15
2016年历史文献学专业硕士论文摘要

1、孙承泽纂辑北京文献研究
论文作者:朱婷婷
导师姓名:阚红柳
培养单位:历史学院清史所
论文题目:孙承泽纂辑北京文献研究

中文摘要

    北京文献是我国地方文献的重要组成部分。明清时期为其繁荣期,北京文献大量涌现,为后世北京区域史研究提供了详实的材料。孙承泽是明清之际有志纂辑北京文献且成果丰硕的代表人物之一,其存世文献中可视为北京文献者有十二种之多。孙承泽编纂、记录的北京文献卷帙浩繁,内容丰富,纪事上起炎黄,下至崇祯,具有重要的史料价值。
   本篇论文以孙承泽纂辑的北京文献为主要研究对象,深入分析孙承泽及其所属时代与他有志纂辑北京文献的关系,系统梳理其纂辑过程,其北京文献的记述对象包括历代北京的山水风光、城市建置、官署机构、燕京人物等方面,可与正史相佐证。在编纂、辑录的过程中孙承泽遵照体裁多样,横分门类、纵向记述,详近略古、抓住主线,详略有序以及述而少作,寓论于述的原则汇集北京史料,编录成诸书,将北京城描绘地血肉丰满,形神兼具。这些北京文献在历代北京文献中占有重要地位,具有地域性、资料性和丰富性与针对性相结合等特点,史学价值多元,在明清鼎革之际起到承前启后的作用,对北京史、政治制度史和各类专门史等方面的研究都有所裨益。在纂辑创作的过程中,孙承泽的北京文献观也逐步确立。他注意总结历史教训,其北京文献展现了其正统思想、天命观念、民本思想和英雄史观等观念。
   地方文献的研究已成为发掘地方历史文化资源,提高文化发展软实力的重要内容。而地方文献的辑录、整理、编纂则有丰富的历史基础,对孙承泽纂辑北京文献的研究有助于传承和发扬历史文化遗产,为拓展北京史的研究,及深入开展地方文献的研究与实践服务。

英文摘要

   Beijing document is an important part of local document,the amount of which grew rapidly at Ming dynasty and Qing dynasty,providing detailed materials for the history study of Beijing area.Sun Chengze is one of the representatives compiing and editing Beijing documents,of whose remaning documents twelve books is related to Beijing area, tracing back from Yanhuang era to Chongzhen with rich content and high historical value.
  This study takes the Beijing document compiled and edited by Sun Chengze as thesis material, makes a deep analysis of the relationship between Sun Chengze’s time and his aspiration of redacting Beijing document,systematically combs its redaction process and the contents include landscape scenery, city building and structure, government agencies, local acters etc. of Beijing in all ages, taking the official history as mutual evidence. In the process of compiling and recording, Sun Chengze collected historical data of Beijing and cataloged the book, in accordance with principle of horizontal categories and vertical deion, detailed modern times and brief ancient history, seizing the main line, narration as the principal combined with little creation, as well as orderly details and omissions, according to diverse genres. It portrayed a vivid image of Beijing as a plump figure of flesh and blood, realizing a unity of form and spirit. This document plays an important role in documents over the years, featuring combination of regionalism, information, richness and pertinence and the like. With multiple historical values, it once served as a link between past and future on the occasion of the Ming and Qing dynasty change, beneficial for researches on aspects of Beijing history, history of political systems and various types of specialized history. In the creative process, Sun Chengze gradually formed his own idea of Beijing documentations. He paid attention to draw lessons from history, and demonstrated the orthodoxy, concept of destiny, people-oriented thought and heroic historical viewpoint, etc. in his documents of Beijing.
  The research on local document has played an important role in exploring the historical and cultural resources and improving the cultural soft power development.The study on the Beijing document compiled and edited by Sun Chengze can do good to inheriting and carrying forward the historical and cultural heritage, and contributes to the extension of the history study on Beijing and the further study and practice of local document.

2、《宝通贤首传灯录》、《续灯录》的编纂及其史料价值
论文作者:万晓锦
导师姓名:曹刚华
培养单位:历史学院清史所
论文题目:《宝通贤首传灯录》、《续灯录》的编纂及其史料价值


中文摘要


  佛教是中国古代文化的重要组成部分,历代有大批学者从事这一领域的研究。晚明佛教掀起了声势浩大的复兴浪潮,这股浪潮从嘉靖、隆庆时期初露端倪,到万历年间达到高潮,一直延续到清雍正时期。贤首宗作为佛教教派的重要一支,其发展到清雍正、乾隆时期已成了京城佛教宗派中的翘楚。嘉庆九年(1804),贤首宗传人景林心露、兴宗祖旺等编纂《宝通贤首传灯录》,主要是为了明确宝通贤首宗的正统之位。全书记载从初祖杜顺到宝通系贤首宗第三十三世广安同泰法师,共计74位法师。光绪八年(1882),义庵昌仁编纂《宝通贤首传灯续录》上卷,《宝通贤首传灯续录》上卷记载了80个法师。民国时期吉安圆彻编纂,全朗普志续补的《宝通贤首传灯续录》下卷,共记载了65位法师。《宝通贤首传灯录》、《宝通贤首传灯续录》较系统记载了宝通贤首宗完整的脉络传承体系。
  本文分为四个部分,第一部分介绍《宝通贤首传灯录》、《宝通贤首传灯续录》大致内容,并论述现有研究状况、以及本文研究思 路。第二部分考证《宝通贤首传灯录》、《宝通贤首传灯续录》的编纂和刊刻,以及编纂的时代背景和原因。第三部分考证《宝通贤首传灯录》、《宝通贤首传灯续录》的史料来源。第四部分探讨《宝通贤首传灯录》、《宝通贤首传灯续录》的史料价值,主要集中在与清代宝通贤首宗研究的重要意义,阐述宝通系贤首宗在有清一代的兴盛衰落,论述佛教正统思想与该书撰述之缘由,肯定其对清代佛教史和北京史的重要意义。


英文摘要


  As an important part of China's ancient culture, Buddhism has aroused great interest of a large number of scholars, who have devoted themselves to the study of Buddhism. Late Ming and Early Qing dynasty witnessed a huge revival of Buddhism, which began in the period of Jiajing and Longqing, climaxed in the Wanli period and ended in the Yongzheng period. Xianshou Zong has been the leading school of thought among all schools in the capital in the period of Yongzheng and  Qianlong. For the purpose of defending the legitimacy of Xianshou Zong, Jinglin Xinlu and Xinzong Zuwang, advocates of Xianshou Zong, compiled Baotong Xianshou ChuanDeng Lu in the ninth year of Jiaqing period. The book records the life of 74 Buddhist Masters, from the first Master Du Shun to the thirty-third Master Guang'an Tongtai of Baotong school, Xianshou Zong. In the eighth year of Guangxu period, Yian Changren compiled the first volume of Baotong Xianshou Chuan Deng Lu, which covered the life of 80 Buddhist Masters. In the Republican period,  Xu Deng Lu was compiled by Jian Yuanche and finished by Quanlang Puzhi, with 65 Buddhist Masters being recorded. Baotong Xianshou Chuan Deng Lu and Xu Deng Lu together form the complete framework of Baotong Xianshou.

3、黄佐《翰林记》研究
论文作者:石鹏

导师姓名:李晓菊

培养单位:历史学院历史系

论文题目:黄佐《翰林记》研究

中文摘要


  唐代中后期,产生了专以学士院为记载对象的专书——“翰林志”,是当时出现的“官署志”中的一种。此后,历宋元至明清皆续有编纂,形成了较为完整的发展脉络。明代,翰林志的编纂达到历史的高峰,无论在数量上,还是内容、体例上,都远迈唐、宋,更加成熟,黄佐《翰林记》就是其中最具代表性的成果。该书20卷,总计271个条目,专记明代中前期翰林掌故,内容全面、详实,对研究明代翰林制度具有重要的史料价值。然学界对该书虽多有征引,但对其文献本身仍缺乏研究。本文内容主要包括七个方面:一是通过考察黄佐的家世,以探讨家庭环境、家学渊源对黄佐治学精神、旨趣以及学术观念的影响,总结了黄佐在理学、史学、文学方面上的主要著述及学术特征;介绍了黄佐成长、为官经历及成书的时代背景,旨在从“知人论世”角度,以窥《翰林记》相关内容的设置。二是对黄佐著述的种类、卷数以及《翰林记》的成书时间略作考证,对学界在此问题上的不同讨论有所回应。三是梳理了《翰林记》的版本源流,在对读、比较不同版本过程中,发现目前通行的整理本(“《翰学三书》本”)在标点、文字等方面颇有讹误,不利于本书的利用,故亦略加条列讨论,冀于本书的阅读利用有所助益;从官、私史料两个方面考察了《翰林记》的史料来源,认为《翰林记》的史料来源广泛,具有较高的可信性,进而分析了《翰林记》在史料处理上的三种主要方式,即移录、剪裁和改写。四是分析了《翰林记》的体裁、体例,提出其体裁乃为多种体裁综合利用的结果,在体例结构上,则有以类相从、横分竖写的特点;对《翰林记》的一般内容及翰林专志的特有内容作了说明,总结了《翰林记》内容的主要特点。五是论述了《翰林记》在备翰林掌故、经世致用、史学研究和文献研究等方面的价值,指出其在制度、时间、官职等具体记述上存在的问题。六是分析了《翰林记》所反映出“君臣一体”、“不失祖宗之制”的政治观念及强调“忠义与气节”的翰林观念。七是梳理了从唐至清翰林志的发展轨迹,总结了翰林志在不同时期的主要特征,并从纵向与横向的角度,论述了黄佐《翰林记》的历史地位,认为《翰林记》可视为唐宋以来翰林志编纂的集成之作,代表了明代翰林志编纂的最高水平。


英文摘要


  In the Mid-and-late Tang Dynasty, the Hanlin gazetteer dedicated to recording Hanlin Academy is one of official gazetteers that time. After that, it still has the continuation from the history of Song and Yuan Dynasties to the Ming and Qing Dynasties, and forms a relatively complete development path. In the Ming Dynasty, the compilation of Hanlin gazetteer, which is much more mature in the content and style, reached the peak in history, and its quantity is far larger than that of the Tang and Song Dynasties. Huang Zuo’s Hanlinji is the most representative work in Hanlin Departmental gazetteers. This book contains twenty volumes, a total of 271 entries, comprehensively and in detail, especially focusing on the Hanlin system of anecdotes in the Early-and-Mid of the Ming Dynasty. Therefore, it has an important historical value in studying the Hanlin system of Ming Dynasty. The scholars often quote the book as historical materials, but the research on the literature itself is insufficient. This paper mainly includes seven aspects: 1.Through studying of Huang Zuo's family, this paper explores the effects of family environment and paternal teaching on Huang Zuo's spirit of learning, academic interests and ideas; summarizes his main works and academic acteristics in Neo-Confucianism, historiography and literature; introduces Huang Zuo's growth, official experiences and the historical background of the book, trying to start from the "undering the background" to knowing related content settings. 2. This paper makes a textual research ontypes and volume number of his writings, and the time of completion of Hanlinji, in order to respond to the different discussions about these issues in academic circles. 3. This paper combs the development of different versions of Hanlinji. During the process of reading and comparing different versions of this book, the words, punctuation and other errors are found in the prevailing collated version of Three Books about Hanxue(翰学三书), which is harmful to the usage of the book. Therefore, we discuss it by regulations concisely, hoping that those regulations could benefit its reading. Investigating the sources of historical materials about Hanlinji from the aspects of the official and private historical materials, we conclude that Hanlinji contains extensive materials and of high credibility. Thus three major ways in which Huang Zuo handled historical materials are further analysed: copying out; tailoring and rewriting. 4. Analyzing the genre and style of Hanlinji, we propose that its genre is the result of comprehensive utilization of different genres; and it has the acteristics of similar arrangement, horizontal classification and onological notes in its style and structure. It explains the general contents of Hanlinji and the special contents of Hanlin gazetteer, summarizing the main features of Hanlinji. 5. This paper induces the value of Hanlinji in the four aspects: preserving Hanlin system of anecdotes; governing of very practical; historical materials; document, and reveals the problems, such as propagating ethic codes and some errors on system, time, and office records. 6. The paper analyse the ideas of “emperors and subjects”and “not losing the system of ancestry” in Hanlinji, laying emphasizing on the conception of“Loyalty and integrity”. 7. Combing the development trajectory of Hanlin gazetteer from Tang Dynasty to Qing Dynasty, this paper summarizes the main features of Hanlin gazetteer in different periods and from the angles of historical time and cross-wide development, it locates the historical position of Hanlinji, which can be regarded as integrated work of Hanlin gazetteer since the Tang and Song Dynasties, representing the highest level in the Ming Dynasty.

4、傅振伦文献学研究
论文作者:颜樱

导师姓名:李晓菊

培养单位:历史学院历史系

论文题目:傅振伦文献学研究


中文摘要


  本文通过对傅振伦著述及学界关于傅振伦学术的既有研究成果进行爬梳,全面总结傅振伦的文献学研究成果,并在此基础上总结傅振伦文献学的特点,同时揭示文献学在其整个学术中的地位和影响。本文首先概述了傅振伦的生平与学行事迹,探讨中西学术激荡交融以及社会制度大变革的时代背景下其个人际遇与学术生态的互动,以及其作为百年学术史的参与者和见证者在治学路径上的变化和规律。在此基础上分别讨论其在古籍整理实践、古籍整理理论总结、文献学基础理论和文献学史研究、文献学方法研究、专科文献与专科文献学研究等方面的成就。最后结合其文献学实践与理论成果总结其文献学研究的主要特点,并以此为基础揭示文献学之方法与思想在其全部学术中地位和影响,以期对傅振伦学术研究能有所推进,同时亦望有助于百年文献学史、百年学术史的研究。


英文摘要


  This dissertation reviews and analyzes Fu Zhenlun’s writings and related researches on Fu Zhenlun’s academy,summarizing his contributions to Chinese Philology and their acters comprehensively,through which it reveals the status and influence of his studies on Chinese philology from the perspective of his whole academy. It first introduces the life of Fu Zhenlun, such as his studies and important events in his life,discussing the interactions between his personal experiences and academic ecosystem in the historical context of the blending of Chinese and western academy,with revolutions in social system during that time being taken into consideration as well. It also explores transformation of his academic path and its pattern, which was also affected by his experiences as a witness and participants in history of academy from 1912 to 2012. On the foundation of these discussions,this research then probes into Fu Zhenlun’s accomplishments,which he achieved in several fields respectively,including practices of arrangement of ancient books,theoretical summary of arrangement of ancient books, basic theory of Chinese philology,research on history of Chinese philology,philological method,specialized literature,specialized philology. Finally,this dissertation concludes the main acters of his philological research through combining his practices of philology and theoretical achievements,by which it sheds light on the status and influence of his philological methods and thoughts from the perspective of his whole academy, so as to promote research on Fu Zhenlun’s academy,as well as benefit studies of history of philology and history of academy from 1912 to 2012.

5、两宋学记研究
论文作者:张婧乐

导师姓名:皮庆生

培养单位:历史学院历史系

论文题目:两宋学记研究

中文摘要


  “学记”是记录某一地方官学新建、重建、重修或迁移情况的记体文。宋代学记传世数量众多,一直是研究宋代教育政策及地方官学的珍贵史料。两宋是学记发展并逐渐定型的时期,一方面宋朝政府大力推行学校教育,几次发起兴学运动,使全国州县官学如雨后春笋大量涌现,为学记书写奠定制度基础;另一方面,北宋再次掀起古文运动的狂潮,在使记体文获得独立的同时,为学记的成熟提供了千载难逢的契机。两宋间教育制度的完善、教育思想成熟、以及风云变幻的社会现实,都影响着学记文的内容、结构与风格。学记在两宋发展成熟,形成了固定的书写范式,并为元明学记所传承。
  本文旨在将“学记”置于唐宋变革的大背景下,溯其源流,并分析其书写结构内容的共性与差异。在揭示其在学术史上独特意义的同时,也期望能为深入观察两宋社会提供参考。全文共三部分,一是两宋学记溯源。在“庙学合一”制度形成的同时,孔庙记逐渐过渡为学记。学记是“古文运动”的产物,在书写上也传承了碑铭体的某些特征。二是揭示学记在两宋的成熟。书写结构的模式化、作者群体的本地化,制作程序的规范化,就是学记在两宋间发展成熟的标志。三是分析两宋学记的三个核心议题,即学术史、学政关系以及教育宗旨。学记论证的主要观点,均是在强调学校德行教育的重要性

英文摘要


  Xueji (records of events inscribed on tables in schools) is a kind of narration recording the Construction, Reconstruction, Repair and Relocation of state-run educational institutions. A large amount of Xueji handed down from Song Dynasty, turned to precious historical materials for studying the educational policy and the above-mentioned local institutions of that period. Gradually developed along with the time, Xueji reached its prosperous epoch during Song Dynasty. On one hand, Song's government pursued a school-dominated educational pattern with great effort and initiated a series of movements to stimulate schooling, spawning numerous local schools all around the controlled areas of Song, which turned out to be the institutional basis for the flourish of Xueji. On the other hand, a new upsurge of the "ancient prose movement" during the Northern Song Dynasty made the narration an independent form and became the turning point of Xueji's growth. The improvement of educational system, ideological system and the changeable social situation were all playing a role in forming its content, structure and style. Xueji has then evolved a unique mode of writing and been carried on till Yuan and Ming Dynasty.
  Based on "the Tang-Song transformation", this article aims at tracing back to the birth of Xueji, analyzing its general acter or difference, revealing its special position in academic history and providing new points of view to take insight in the society of Song's dynasty. This article constitutes of three parts. First comes Xueji's Origin. When temples took functions of schools, Kong Miaoji (records of events inscribed on tables in Confucius Temples)  was gradually replaced by Xueji, whose writing inherited some acter of inion style. Secondly, this article deals with Xueji's prosperity that manifested in the regularity of text structure, localization of the authors and standardization of establishing local schools and putting up tablets. At last, this article discusses three core subjects which occurred constantly in Xueji, namely the academic history, the relationship between education and politics and the educational purpose. In one word, what the authors mostly discussed in Xueji showed the great importance they attached to moral education in schools.

6、《学政全书》研究
论文作者:弭丽丽

导师姓名:黄爱平

培养单位:历史学院清史所

论文题目:《学政全书》研究

中文摘要


  《学政全书》是清代礼部主持纂修的有关清前期教育的重要文献。本文从其纂修过程以及纂修人员、体例和内容、清前期童试三个方面展开对《学政全书》的研究,并尝试对其文献价值及借鉴意义进行综合评价。

  本文第一章,首先对《学政全书》的纂修过程进行较为全面的梳理,将其分为康熙朝和雍正朝、乾隆朝、嘉庆朝和晚清三个阶段进行叙述,以期弄清现存文本的基本情况;在此基础上,进而对目前已知的纂修人员分别作小传,以裨对其纂修过程的了解。
  本文第二章,对《学政全书》的体例和内容分别进行具体论述,逐一揭示笔者目前所见雍正十一年本、乾隆三十九年本、乾隆五十八年本、嘉庆十七年本各自的体例与内容,并通过对比研究,分析各个文本体例和内容的特点及其变化,展现各个文本不同的文献价值。
  本文第三章,对《学政全书》中有关清前期童试的内容进行梳理。通过对童试相关问题的论述,揭示出清前期地方官学教育的基本状况以及某些特征。
  最后,本文对《学政全书》进行综合评价,力图揭示其不可或缺的史料价值以及对当今学校教育的借鉴意义。

英文摘要


  The Pandect of School Administration Related to Literary Chancellor compiled by Ministry of Rites is an important literature about the education of the early Qing dynasty. The thesis carries on study the book from three aspects about the compiled process & personnel, the text style & content and the Children-exam. Furthermore, the thesis tries to make a comprehensive evaluation of the literature value and significance of the book.
  In Chapter One, first of all, the present thesis combs the compiled process from three periods of Kang-xi & Yongzheng Dynasty, Qianlong Dynasty, Jiaqing & late Qing Dynasty comprehensively, in order to make clear the existing version of the book. On this basis, the thesis presents biographies for every known personnel that took part in the compiled process for a better understanding of the compiled process.
  In Chapter Tow, the present thesis expounds the style and content of the book. The thesis mainly discusses the known version of the eleventh year of Yongzheng, the thirty-ninth year of Qianlong, the fifty-eighth year of Qianlong, the seventeenth year of Jiaqing. By the comparative study, the thesis tries to analyze the acteristics and the change of the text style and content about different version, in order to present the different literary value.
  In Chapter Three, the present thesis combs the content of the Children-exam in the book in the early Qing Dynasty. This thesis reveals the basic situation and some acteristics of local official school education in the early Qing Dynasty by expounding the issues related to the Children-exam.
  Finally, the thesis makes a comprehensive evaluation of the book, in order to try to present the indispensable literature value and significance for the modern school education.
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