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代表性成果 - Representative Works by Fellows
来源:中国人民大学生态史研究中心 作者:中国人民大学生态史研究中心 点击数:18895 更新时间:2013-9-26

Hou Shen, The City Natural: Garden and Forest Magazine and the Rise of American Environmentalism,University of Pittsburgh Press, 2013 (《城市自然化:〈园与森林〉杂志与美国环保主义的兴起,匹兹堡大学出版社城市环境史系列,2013)侯深 著

本书综合探讨了1888至1897年美国哈佛大学植物学家查尔斯·萨金特与纽约报人威廉姆·斯泰尔斯主编的《园与森林》杂志,在19世纪后期美国环保意识兴起和发展过程中的重要地位和深远影响,认为其所倡导的“城市自然化”理念有力地推动的美国社会的文明进程。此项研究力图突破以往学界对19世纪晚期环保主义所作的两极化(自然保护vs资源保护)描述,将城市纳入该时期环保主义研究的版图,以揭示美国环保主义与城市息息相关的复杂历史根源。

This book is a comprehensive study of an American weekly magazine entitled Garden and Forest (published in1888-1897). Edited by Charles S. Sargent—a Harvard botanist—and William A. Stiles—a New York journalist—this magazine served as a collective voice for various environmental concerns and issues during the early period of the conservation movement. It promoted a “city natural” ideal that tried to civilize the nation by creating a more harmonious fit of cities within their natural habitat. While promoting the application of professional knowledge and training to manage nature and conserve natural resources, it also argued for the indispensability of nature’s beauty in an urban age. An analysis of this early environmental magazine reveals a more complicated and distinctly urban origin of environmentalism than we have fully realized.


《美国自然资源政策史》(香港社会科学出版社,2011)宋云伟 著

Song Yunwei, History of Natural Resources Policy in the USA

本书从土地、森林、矿产和水资源四个方面对美国传统自然资源政策进行研究,揭示了联邦政府资源政策的阶段性变化,具体分析了相关法律的内容、实施及其影响,揭示了美国自然资源政策和法权的关系,以及地方主义和保护自然资源的矛盾。

This book explores the traditional policy of natural resources in the U. S. from four aspects: land, forest, mines, and water. It reveals the change of resource policy of federal government in different phases, analyzes the content, implementation and influences of relevant legal provisions, explores the relationship between natural resource policy and legal rights, and the conflicts between provincialism and the protection of the nation’s resources.



《中国荒政书集成》(天津古籍出版社,2010)
李文海 夏明方 朱浒 主编
Li Wenhai, Xia Mingfang and Zhu Hu eds., Collected Books about Disaster Relief in China

是书系国内外第一部,也是最完备的中国救荒文献集成,精选宋至清末出版的荒政书187种,总字数1200余万,其中多为刻本、抄本、稿本、善本等,基本囊括目前所知海内外较为重要、珍稀的荒政书,大体反映了中国传统社会救荒思想、救荒体制与救荒实践发展演变的概貌。书中文献按问世时间顺序编排,并全部按现代格式横排点校,以便读者加以利用。

This collection is the first and most comprehensive edition of 187 selected famine relief books published from the Song to Qing dynasties. Most of these books are wood-block prints, manuscripts and rare books. Almost all important famine relief books known to the academic world are included. These books are arranged in a chronological order and transformed to a modern reader-friendly version.


《秦汉时期生态环境研究》(北京大学出版社,2007)
王子今 著
Wang Zijin, Ecology and Environment in the Period of Qin and Han Dynasty

本书从气候、水资源、野生动物分布、植被、人为因素等方面讨论了秦汉时期生态环境条件的基本形势,并从思想史和观念史的角度阐述了秦汉人的生态环境观、生态环境与秦汉社会历史的关系,同时涉及对秦汉时期生态环境的若干个案,如秦定都咸阳的生态地理因素、秦史的灾异记录、秦汉长城与生态史、汉代“海溢”之灾以及两汉南方的“瘴气之害”等。

This book presents a general picture of the environment in the Qin and Han dynasties from various aspects, including climate, water resource, wild animal distribution, and human factors. It describes the ecological ideas and the relationship between environment and society in this period from a perspective of intellectual history. It also provides several case studies on the environment in the Qin and Han dynasties, such as the environmental and geographical factors when the Qin Empire chose Xian Yang as its capital, records of disasters and mysterious events in the Qin dynasty, environmental consequences of the Great Wall built in the Qin and Han dynasties, the overflowing of tides and miasmas in the South during the Han dynasty.



《地方性流动及其超越——晚清义赈与近代中国的新陈代谢》(中国人民大学出版社,2006年)

朱浒 著
Zhu Hu,The Fluidity and Transcendence of Localism: Late-Qing Charitable Relief and the Supersession of the Old by the New in Modern China

是书较为全面系统地探讨了清光绪初年华北大饥荒之后中国近代义赈的兴起和发展问题,揭示了中国救荒事业近代化的复杂过程,同时将义赈活动置于晚清社会变局的大背景之下,探究其与近代社会变迁的关系,特别是与中国近代工业化起步进程之间错综复杂的互动关系。

This book explores comprehensively the rise and development of charity focused on famine relief after the Northern Chinese Famine (1876–1879) and reveals the complex process of modernization of Chinese famine relief. This book highlights the relationship between charity and social transformations, in particular the complex relationship between charity and the early stages of industrialization in modern China.



《清代西北生态变迁研究》(人民出版社,2005年)

赵珍 著
Zhao Zhen,The Ecological Changes in the Northwest of China during the Qing Dynasty

本书立足于区域人地系统,探讨清代西北原生态环境的脆弱性特征、移民垦殖政策、垦殖行为、人口变化、战争等因素对环境的影响,分析水土流失、水旱沙化、农业生态恶化、社会矛盾加剧等自然与社会现象出现的主要原因,论述了清代西北自发产生的生态理念和环境保护措施。

This book explores the factors affecting the environment of Northwestern China in the Qing dynasty. It discusses the vulnerability of the original ecological system, the policy of immigrant and reclamation, the activities of reclamation, population change, and wars. By analyzing the main reasons for natural and social phenomena like soil erosion, the desertification caused by flood and drought, the deterioration of the agricultural ecological system, and the aggravation of social conflicts, this book demonstrates ecological ideas and environmental protection measures originated at the regional level in the Qing dynasty.



《天有凶年:清代灾荒与中国社会》(三联书店,2005)

李文海、夏明方 主编
Li Wenhai and Xia Mingfang eds., Heavens Created Some Bad Years: Natural Disasters in Qing Dynasty and Chinese Society

是书共收论文23篇,主要涉及五个方面的主题:清代饥荒及其社会影响;清代官府救荒制度与实践;清代基层社会与民间御灾机制;官民合办与中国救荒制度的近代转型;社会记忆、文化认同与清代救荒观念的变迁。论文作者除中国学者外,还有来自法国、美国、德国、日本、澳大利亚等国家和地区中国灾荒史研究领域的知名学者,展现了国内外学界清代灾荒史研究的整体水平。

This book collects twenty-three articles with five major themes: famines in the Qing dynasty and their social effects, institutional and practical famine relief of the Qing government, local communities in the Qing dynasty and popular reactions to natural disasters, the state-people cooperation and modern transformations of the institutional famine relief in China, social memory, cultural identity and the intellectual change of famine relief in the Qing dynasty. The contributors to this book are experts on the history of disasters and famines in China, and they come from France, USA, Germany, Australia, besides China. This book sets a precedent for future studies in this field with international cooperation.



《民国时期自然灾害与乡村社会》(中华书局,2000)

夏明方 著
Xia Mingfang, Natural Disasters and Rural Society in the Republic of China

本书系以作者1997年完成的博士学位论文《灾害、环境与民国乡村社会》为基础修改而成,主要从自然和社会相互作用的角度,对民国时期自然灾害与乡村社会的自然环境、人口变迁、生产力、生产关系以及社会秩序等各个侧面的相互影响进行较为系统深入的探讨,揭示这一时期自然灾害生成演化的规律、时空分布特征及其在乡村社会中层层扩散的过程,初步确立了近代中国灾害影响分析的基本框架。

This book is a revised and expanded version of the author’s Ph. D. dissertation titled “Disasters, Environment and Rural Society in Republican China” (1997). It analyzes the interactions among natural disasters, the natural environment of rural society, population change, productivity, relations in production, and social order in Republican China. It reveals the dynamics behind the outbreak and transformations of natural disasters, their temporal and spatial distribution characteristics, and their diffusion throughout rural society in this period. This book builds a frame for further studies of the effects of natural disasters in modern China.



《天人合一:儒学与生态环境》(四川人民出版社,1995)
张云飞 著
Zhang Yunfei, The Oneness of Heavens and Human:Confucianism and Ecological Environment

本书是系统阐释先秦儒家环境意识的著作,分别考察了儒家环境意识的历史源头、儒家关于自然保护的生态学基础、自然保护的对象和类型、自然保护的主体和环境管理原则、自然保护的经济基础和生态农学、自然保护的理想和目标等方面的思想,认为儒家的天人合一思想对于解决生态危机具有重要的历史价值。

The writer deals with three aspects of the Confucian environmental consciousness: the ecological,philosophical, and ethical. He argues that the present environmental crisis shows the significance of the Confucian concept of the oneness of heavens and humans.


《近代中国灾荒纪年》及其《续编》(湖南教育出版社,1990,1993)
李文海等 编著
Li Wenhai, ed., A Chronological History of Disasters and Famines in Modern China, two volumes

两书在搜集大量原始档案与官私文献的基础上,按照编年体例,系统展现了1840至1919年、1919至1949年间全国各省区自然灾害的发生情况及其对社会的影响,系中国近现代灾荒史研究的奠基性著作和必备工具书。

This work demonstrates the historical context of natural disasters in every province of China and their social effects between 1840 and 1949 based on a large number of archives, official records and private writings, in a chronological order and systematical way. They are the guidebook and handbook for the history of natural disasters in modern China.


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