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2004级历史文献学专业硕士论文摘要
来源:清史所 作者:清史所 点击数:2624 更新时间:2015-4-24

2004级历史文献学专业硕士论文摘要


1. 清代江宁钟山书院学风演变研究

论文作者:雷春芳

导师姓名:李景屏

培养单位:历史学院清史所

论文名称:清代江宁钟山书院学风演变研究

中文摘要

    书院是中国古代一种独特的文化教育机构,它具有学术研究与教育教学的双重职能,与学术文化的传播有密切关系。历史上,由于历代学术思想及统治者文教政策的不同,书院也在历代呈现出不同的特色。清代书院数量众多,普及率高,就数量而言达到了书院发展史上的极盛。但同时,清代政府对书院的控制也远比前代严格,书院的教学内容也多为科举考试服务,论者多认为清代书院是科举时文的练兵场。总体上,清代书院与学术的关系不如宋明时期密切和明显。但通过分析可以发现,清代二百六十多年的统治期间所经历的学术风气的几次大的转变,都对书院学风有一定的影响,在书院中有明显的反映。政府的控制力量及社会学术思想交织地体现在书院中,形成了清代书院的独特特征,也使书院保留了一些传统书院固有的精神。钟山书院位于江宁(今南京),是清代著名的大书院之一,号称清代四大书院之首。它创建于雍正元年(1723年),直到清末被改为江南高等学堂,历时一百八十多年,对清代江南学术文化的发展有重要影响。历届著名院长如杨绳武、卢文弨、钱大昕、姚鼐、胡培翚、唐鉴、李联琇、缪荃孙等,多是各时期的学术精英和大师,也是清代各阶段学术思想的代表人物,他们的学术思想在书院中有明显的反映,对书院学风产生了直接影响。总体上看,钟山书院创建之初受清初实学思潮的影响,政府控制力量也比较明显,书院学风体现出明显的实学特色,这主要反映在杨绳武制定的钟山书院规约及其影响以及雍正帝“敦崇实学”匾额体现的内涵及对书院产生的影响;清中叶以来,随着乾嘉汉学的兴盛,卢文弨、钱大昕等一批汉学大师相继主讲钟山书院,书院学风又受汉学浸染,体现出明显的汉学之风。期间,姚鼐主讲二十余年,以古文义法教授学生,产生了很大的影响,而钟山书院对桐城古文学派的发扬壮大也起到了很大的作用;时值近代,书院虽然在太平天国革命期间遭到毁废,但是很快重建并振兴如初,社会上经世思潮兴起,书院学风又有了明显的经世致用色彩。可以说书院学风是与清代社会学术思想的变迁相一致的。通过阐述钟山书院学风演变过程,我们可以发现影响清代书院学风及发展的因素主要有清代统治思想、清代各时期的学术思想、社会思潮以及清政府对书院的控制等四个方面,而对学风演变起关键作用的则是历任院长及其学术特点、学术水平和声望。在历任院长身上,上述几个因素都有不同程度的体现。总之,通过对历任院长及其教学情况的分析,我们可以对钟山书院学风演变有个清晰的了解,进而可以揭示出清代书院的一般特征,并给清代学术思想与书院的关系一个清晰准确的解释。即,清代书院授官方控制,有明显的官学化倾向,但是一些书院,尤其是大书院还是保留了一定的学术性;但是清代书院在总体上已经失去活力,陈腐的教学内容与近代以来的社会发展变化不相符合,最终必然为社会所淘汰。就书院与学术的关系而言,虽然大多数书院以科举制艺为主,但是为数不多的大书院对学术思想的传播还是有很大的影响。本文共分三章:第一章:清初实学思潮与钟山书院的创建。主要论述清初实学思潮对书院的影响,并阐述清廷控制书院的诸措施及影响,主要议题有“敦崇实学”匾额、杨绳武钟山书院规约、雍正十一年上谕等。第二章:乾嘉学风与钟山书院的繁荣发展。主要论述乾嘉汉学及桐城古文学派在书院的传播及对书院学风的影响,主要议题有卢文弨、钱大昕主讲情况及其影响、姚鼐主讲情况及其影响等。第三章:近代学风变化及书院命运的结束。主要论述书院近代以来经世致用社会思潮的影响下发生的学风变化及书院改学堂的背景和经过,主要议题有近代经世思潮对书院学风的影响、近代书院流弊以及书院改学堂等。

英文摘要

    Shuyuan( academy of classical learning) was a kind of unique culture and education organization of ancient time of China, it was provided with double functions: academic researching and educating. Shuyuan has close relations with spread of academic and culture. In history, Shuyuan demonstrated different characteristics because of different academic thought and different policies about culture and education in successive dynasties. In Qing Dynasty, there were large numbers of Shuyuan and the  popularity was high. Shuyuan reached a climax in its development history as far as quantity concerned. But at the same time, the control of the government has been strengthened, Shuyuan just offered service for the Imperial Examination and the relation between academy and Shuyuan were not so close and obvious as Song and Ming Dynasty. Even so, we can still find that the style of study in Shuyuan was influenced deeply by academic thought of Qing Dynasty. The academic thought has been transformed several times in Qing Dynasty,  the style of study of Shuyuan has been changed with its too. As a whole, the governments control and social academic thought were embodied in Shuyuan interweavely, formed the unique characteristics of Shuyuan in Qing Dynasty. On the other hand, it made Shuyuan kept some traditional intrinsic spirit too. Zhongshan Shuyuan located in Jiangning(Nanjing at present), is one of the most famous and largest, and known as the first of four major Shuyuan in Qing Dynasty. It was established in the the first year of Yong Zheng ( 1723) and was reformed to be a modern collage at the end of Qing Dynasty,  lasted more than 180 years. There was important influence on the development of the academic and culture in South china. All previous masters of Zhongshan Shuyuan such as YangShengwu, LuWenchao, QianDaxin, YaoNai, HuPeihui, LiLianxiu, TangJian,  MiuQuansun etc, were all academic elites and representative figures of each  stage. Their academic thought obviously reflected in Shuyuan and directly affected the style of study. On the whole, firstly, since the trend of Real Learning has been prevailed in early Qing, the style of study in Zhongshan Shuyuan were affected clearly by this trend and governments control seemd to be much obvious too at the beginning of its establishment. this mainly reflected in the Stipulations formulated by YangShengwu and the horizontal inscribed board that contained the sprit of real learning issued by Emperor Yongzheng. Since middle Qing, with the prosperity of QianjiaHanxue(a school good at textul research), several great masters who were good at Hanxue teached in succession in Zhshan Shuyuan, such as LuWenchao, QianDaxin and YaoNai, the style of study of Shuyuan was infectted deeply by this kind of academic thought. By modern times, though Zhshan Shuyuan was destroyed and abolished during the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom revolution, it rebuilt quickly and revitalized like previous one. With the rise of the trend of practical learning in modern times, the style of study in Zhongshan Shuyuan demonstrated obvious practical trend. All in all, we can say that the style of study in Shuyuan has been compatible with the change of social academic thoughts in whole Qing Dynasty. Through elaboratting the course of the transformation of the style of study in ZhongshanShuyuan, we can draw a conclution that there mainly were four facters that affected the development and the style of study of ZhongshanShuyuan, those are the governers rule theory, the academic thought in different stage, Social ideological trend and the governers contral on Shuyuan, but all those fecters reflected in the headmasters teaching thought. so, the headmasters played a key role in it. By dissecting different headmasters academic characteristic and education thought, we can give a reasonable explaination about the reason why the style of study in Shuyuan transformed with the change of social academic thought, announce out the general characteristic of Shuyuan in Qing Dynasty and reveal the relationship between Shuyuan and social academic thought. In one word, we can make a clear and accurate explanation about all those relationships. This text divides three chapters altogether:   Chapter one : The trend of Real Learning in early Qing and the establishment of Zhongshan Shuyuan. Mainly expound the impact of the trend of  Real Learning on Shuyuan, and elaborate feudal rulers all kinds of control masures and its effect, the focal point among them is the stipulations formulated by YangShengwu and the horizontal inscribed board that contained the sprit of Real Learning issued by Emperor Yongzheng. Chapter two : The style of Qianjia and the prosperous development of Zhongshan Shuyuan. Describe the spread and effect of Qianjia Hanxue and Tongcheng School in ZhongshanShuyuan, the emphases is the education thought and the process of LuWenchao, QianDaxin and YaoNai. Chapter three : The change of style of study in modern times and the end of Shuyuan. Expound the change of the style of study with social change since the modern times and the background and process of modern style school reform, mainly stressed the effect of modern practical leraning trend on the style of study in Shuyuan,  disadvantages of Shuyuan and the process of ZhongshanShuyuan reform. Key words: The Qing Dynasty    Zhongshan Shuyuan   Academic thoughts .


2. 南宋周必大的文献学实践与成就研究

论文作者:谷敏

导师姓名:李晓菊

培养单位:历史学院历史系

论文名称:南宋周必大的文献学实践与成就研究

中文摘要

    本文的论述主题是南宋周必大的文献学实践与成就研究。过去,学术界一般把周必大作为一个台阁体诗人进行研究,对其文献学方面的实践与成就关注得不够。本文在广泛征引各种文献(如文集、传记等)的基础上,比较充分地论述了周必大在校勘过程中进行的一些具体的实践,并且对其文献考据的方法进行了初步的梳理。庶几有补于同类研究的不足之处。就框架结构而言,本文内容分六个部分:序言;周必大所处的时代及其生平和著述;重刊《文苑英华》;重刊《欧阳文忠公集》;《二老堂诗话》的文献考据;结语。以下简述本文的主要内容:序言论述周必大的研究现状及研究意义,以及关于周必大的文献学综述。第二部分论述周必大刊刻《文苑英华》的动机,讨论周必大是否真正参与《文苑英华》校勘的问题。第三部分讨论了周必大在重刻《欧阳文忠公集》当中的若干问题:主要集中在体例编排、文献搜求、辨伪、考证、序跋等几个方面。第四部分是针对其诗话作品《二老堂诗话》当中存在一些具体的文献学方法,结合作品内容进行的初步梳理。第五部分为结语,简要评价周必大在南宋前期的私家校勘当中所起的作用。本文考察了南宋前期各方面的发展状况,进而阐述了本论题的研究意义所在。周必大在过去受人关注,很大程度上是他拥有目前保存较为完整的宋人文集《文忠集》205卷。然而,他重刊《文苑英华》、《欧阳修文集》也是中国文献史上值得书写的一笔。从时代背景出发,本文简要论述了周必大的生平。绍兴二十一年(1152),周必大二十五岁,中进士,并于是岁订婚。绍兴二十七年,周必大中博学宏词科,任建康府府学教授兼左修职郎。绍兴三十年(1161),任秘书省正字。此后,周必大历任左宣教郎、国史院编修、监察御史、吏部侍郎、礼部尚书、吏部尚书、翰林学士承旨,光宗朝拜左丞相。绍熙三年,周必大因所举官以贿败,除观文殿大学士判潭州(今长沙),庆元元年以少傅致仕。“庆元党禁”中,周必大因为推重理学被韩侂胄列为“伪学之首”,嘉泰二年复原职,卒谥文忠。周必大著书多达八十一种,多为作者手编。《词科旧稿》、《掖垣类稿》、《玉堂类稿》、《玉堂杂记》有自序,部分生前已单行。作者逝世后,其子纶与门客曾三异等依《欧阳文忠公集》体例校刻于家。周必大生活在南宋前期,具体地说是生活在南宋高宗至宁宗时期,历经四朝,仕途比较活跃的时期是在孝宗时代。在他治理南宋期间,因为他的励精图治,南宋的军备、经济都有长足的发展,历史上对这段时期有“小元佑”之称。孝宗不仅在政治上试图中兴复国,重用虞允文等主战派,在文化上也大力倡导稽古右文,周必大正是在这种背景下写作了大量文稿并重刊了两部大书。周必大的文献学实践主要体现在以下方面:组织人员重新校勘并刊刻印刷了《欧阳文忠集》;与彭叔夏、胡柯等人一同校勘重印了《文苑英华》。由于用力甚勤,周必大本的《欧阳文忠集》和《文苑英华》成为后世公认的最好的版本。另外,他还用活字印刷术摆印了第一本活字印刷版本的书籍《玉堂杂记》。重刊《文苑英华》一章当中主要讨论了周必大是否亲自校订过该书;他不辞辛苦重新刊刻该书的动机;在重刊《文苑英华》的过程中到底起到了什么作用以及《范碑》增删的问题。 通过阅读《周益公文忠集》,我认为周必大还是亲自校勘过《文苑英华》的,《文苑英华》中的校勘原则也多出自于他。我选取的证据主要来自于《二老堂诗话》当中周必大的笔记,楼钥、李壁的神道碑的记载等。在讨论周必大重刊《欧阳文忠公集》一章中,是《欧阳修文忠集》的辨伪一节本章的重点。关于《范碑》删文的真伪问题以前的文献著作也曾有过研究,但从未涉及到周必大对此问题的观点。值得关注的是周必大在与朱熹讨论后,坚持认为《范碑》不存在删文的问题,并按照自己的意愿重新刊刻了《欧阳文忠公集》。关于其文献学的具体方法,纵观《周益公文忠集》,周必大没有专文进行过系统论述(这也为彭叔夏日后写作《文苑英华辨证》一书留下了空间)。我试图从他的各类序跋、与友人的书信以及《二老堂诗话》当中找到相关论述,并对其进行了较为粗浅的整理。总之,周必大由于以进士、博学宏词科起家,所以有很好的实学功底;同时,他曾经在朝廷担任过秘书少监的工作,又使他熟悉宫廷校勘;这些都使他在致仕之后有能力对《文苑英华》、《欧阳文忠公集》这样的大书进行重刊。应该说,他是南宋初年私家校勘的代表人物。虽然在校刻过程当中有一些疏漏之处,但总的说来,周必大依然是一名出色的文献学家,他的文献学实践和成就对后世的文献校勘、印刷都有一定的影响,为优秀文化的传承起到了不可忽视的作用。

英文摘要

    What the theme of this thesis narrates is throughout Zhoubidas documents practices and his contribution in the South Song Dynasty. Zhoubida played an important role in the history of systematic learning as a poet of Taige style . However , few scholars viewed him as a philologist, which is insufficient for the overall research of zhoubida .On the basis of quoting all varieties of documents (such as miscellany and biography ) comprehensively , this thesis rather sufficiently discusses some practices and contribution of Zhoubida amending .And , I study the methods of textual research elementarily. All that may be complementary for the inadequate parts of the same kind research. As far as framework is concerned , the contents of this thesis was composed of five parts :introduction ,the life period of Zhoubida , printing and publishing .


3. 南宋黄震《黄氏日抄》研究

论文作者:裴世娜

导师姓名:李晓菊

培养单位:历史学院历史系

论文名称:南宋黄震《黄氏日抄》研究

中文摘要

    本文的主要探讨对象为南宋末学者黄震的代表作品《黄氏日抄》。目前学界对黄震生平的考察,以及《黄氏日抄》所体现出的黄震的学术思想的研究是较为深入详尽的。但关于《黄氏日抄》作为一部学术笔记著作之所以形成的历史背景、《黄氏日抄》各部分内容、价值的分析、以及其目录归属问题等方面尚缺乏充分的讨论,本文试通过宋代学术笔记发展的角度对《黄氏日抄》进行新的解读,以期能充实宋学研究。按照从宏观背景到具体对象,从叙述分析到总结评价的写作方法和顺序,本文内容主要分为以下五个部分:绪论部分,主要从有关黄震其人的研究和有关黄震著述及其学术思想的研究这两个方面,对目前学界对黄震和《黄氏日抄》的研究状况进行了简单回顾,以凸现本文所探讨问题的价值所在。另外,还对《黄氏日抄》的编纂、刊刻,以及流传状况予以简要介绍。第一部分介绍了《黄氏日抄》与宋代学术笔记发展之间的关系,这是以往研究较少论及之处。首先,从宏观背景来看,宋代学术笔记有了较大的发展,其原因在两个方面:其一,宋代学风的影响。学术笔记作为一种笔记体裁,形式随意灵活,内容庞杂多样,这就需要一种较为自由的学风,使其能自如挥洒,直抒己见。宋代较为自由、开明的学风恰恰满足了这一需求,无形中对学术笔记的发展起了一定的催化作用。而且,由于学风自由,学术观点也呈多样化,从而引发学派间的辩难纷争,学派间的辩论交流又给笔记提供了极好的素材。因此,学术笔记的发展无论是其形式还是内容都与宋代自由的学风有着千丝万缕的联系。其二,宋代学术的发展。传统儒学发展到宋代,其独尊地位已岌岌可危,出现了“三教并尊”的局面,儒学如果想夺回失去的阵地,东山再起,就势必要进行一次自我革新。宋代结束了五代十国纷乱的政治格局,这就为儒学革新提供了相对稳定的社会背景,再加上以“庆历新政”为开端的政治变革运动也促进了学术思想界的变革运动,在此契机下,理学因势而生。由于理学思想的兴起,学术流派林立,学术著作繁富,宋代学术呈现出一片繁荣景象,这一状况无异为宋代学术笔记的发展提供了丰富的资源。其次,本文对《黄氏日抄》这部学术笔记进行了具体分析。黄震之所以选用笔记体来表达学术思想,创作《黄氏日抄》,主要是因为:其一,时代的影响。黄震生活在内忧外患纷扰交织的南宋末期,动荡的时局使爱国士人黄震无法潜心探讨心性之学,他更多地是对现实的思考,更强调经世致用,因此,他很难在纯学术问题上形成系统。此外,宋代理学经过数百年的酝酿,数代士人的不懈努力,发展到朱熹时已达到极致,他建立起了规模庞大而又不失缜密精致的思想体系。这期间的思想融合、学派纷争等都是不可再现的历史条件,发展成熟的理学,后儒们短期内是难以有所突破的,因此,黄震只能凭丰富的学识和睿智的观察力来做一些总结会通,考辨修正的工作,而进行此类创作的最好方法就是将其读书、静思时的偶然所得以笔记的形式加以记录。其二,笔记自身的特点。笔记内容丰富,形式自由,补充了主要体例无暇顾及之处,笔记的这些特点受到了黄震的青睐。由于时局的原因,黄震无法全身心地投入学术研究,也无暇完成系统的专著,因此,他选择笔记体这种较为形式自由灵活,而且容纳力较大的创作方式将自己读经阅卷之余的所思所感,将自己的学术新见,长短随心,繁简随意地记录下来。第二部分主要是对《黄氏日抄》内容的分析兼及目录归属问题的探讨。《黄氏日抄》是黄震的读书笔记和个人文集的汇总,创作之初为百卷,现存九十四卷,其中前六十八卷是黄震按经、史、子、集的大体顺序读书时所作的随笔札记,是其学术思想的体现,心血智慧的结晶。黄震作为一名正统儒家后学,他尊崇孔圣,维护传统经典,关注当朝学术,积极促进发展理学,以期能使儒家正统学术发扬光大,这在《黄氏日抄》读经部分得以集中体现。在读孔氏书及读本朝书部分,我们可以再次领略到黄震略古详今,关注当朝学术发展的治学倾向,他通过对诸儒的评介,明晰地梳理出了宋代理学的发展脉络,对后人理解宋代理学发展过程有所裨益。通过研读《黄氏日抄》读史部分,我们可以深切感受到黄震以理论史,遵纲常,重节义,讲求经世致用的思想观点,当然,这也是生活在民族危亡关头的大多南宋士人所共有的。至于诸子学说,黄震不甚重视,但作为一名学者他并非全盘否定,而是以辨证的方法来看问题,取其精华,弃其糟粕,选录了一些循孔近理、有补于世之文,有利于学术的发展。读文集部分,主要是黄震对众学者文集的评价,其中大多是客观贴切的,当然,由于受感情因素的影响,也不免有一些有失公允之处。黄震的个人文集主要收录了黄震自撰的奏箚、申明、公移等十四种文体的作品,为后人研究宋代文体风格提供了借鉴,从其中的一些公文中我们可探析到黄震处理政务时遵循的是讲求实效、以民文本的原则,此外,这些公文还生动地再现了当时的社会现实,为后人研究宋代社会状况提供了宝贵的史料。关于《黄氏日抄》的目录归属问题也是目前学界较少探讨的。因为笔记作品一般均被归入子部杂家类,而笔记体《黄氏日抄》却独归入子部儒家类,何以有此差异?为探其究竟,本文试将其与另一部与之齐名,且多有相类之处的笔记作品《困学纪闻》并列而观,以发现个中缘由。经过比较分析发现,二者归入不同门类的原因在于:首先,二者作者的学术源流不同,黄震作为儒家正宗后学的特点要较之王应麟更强一些,这也是最主要的原因。其次,从二者的内容结构来看,《黄氏日抄》除了自撰文集部分略显突兀以外,其他大部分内容是较为有序,且体现着儒学特色的,而《困学纪闻》则涉及除儒家学说以外的更多的学识门类,内容结构也更为随意,博杂的特点也更浓厚一些。第三部分主要是从《黄氏日抄》来看黄震的读书方法。《黄氏日抄》的大部分内容是黄震在读经阅卷之余的随笔札记,因此,我们不难从中透析出其读书方法来。其读书方法主要有二:其一,不尽信书,务求考证求实;其二,不迷信权威,敢于疑古举惑。黄震的这些读书方法是值得后世读者借鉴的。结语部分对《黄氏日抄》作了简要的总结评价。

英文摘要

    The theme of this thesis is about Huang Shi Ri Chao written by Huang Zhen in the end of the South Song Dynasty. The research about Huang zhens life and his academic thoughts in his Huang Shi Ri Chao is thorough and detailed at present academic circles. But about Huang Shi Ri Chao ,as an academic note, what historical background it based on, the analysis of its content and value, its ownership in the catalogue, and so on, there still lack abundant discussion. In this thesis, we try to study Huang Shi Ri Chao in the view of the development of the academic note in song Dynasty ,and expect to substantiate the academic research of Song Dynasty.    According to the writing method and order from macroscopical backgrounds to certain target, from narrating and analysing to summarizing , The contents of this thesis divides into five parts:    In the introduction, We review the previous research about Huang zhen and Huang Shi Ri Chao at present academic circles, especially about Huang Zhenlife and his academic thoughts ,so that it will be easier for us to find the value of this thesis. In addition, it also gives a brief introduction about the compilation, printing and spreading of  Huang Shi Ri Chao . The first part of this thesis introduces the relationship between Huang Shi Ri Chao and the development of the academic note of Song Dynasty, this issue is hardly discussed at the present academic circles.    Firstly, in the view of macroscopical background, the academic note got relatively great development in the Song Dynasty. Its reason is in two aspects: First, the influence of the style of study of Song Dynasty. The academic note , as a kind of note types , the form is flexible , the content is numerous and various, so it needs a comparatively free style of study to make it can be written freely and plainly. The comparatively free, enlightened style of study in the Song Dynasty satisfied this demand exactly , it played a certain catalytic role to the development of the academic note virtually. Moreover, because the style of study is free, the academic view presents the diversification , the debates among different schools were furious. All of these offered the extremely good materials to the note . We can say that the development of the academic note had close relationship with the free style of study in the Song Dynasty no matter its content or its form. Second, the development of the academy in the Song dynasty. As far as the Song Dynasty, the top position of the traditional Confucianism was threatened by Buddhism and Taoism. If Confucianism wanted to recapture the lost position, it should hold a reform to improve itself. The numerous and disorderly political pattern during Five Dynasties Ten States fininshed at the beginning of the Song Dynasty, The relatively stable social background helped the Confucianism to improved itself. In addition, Qing Li Xin Zheng as the beginning of the serial politial reforms also promoted the reforms at the academic circles. With this opportunity, Neo-Confucianism emerged. The rise of Neo-Confucianism, the foundation of  the different schools, the publication of the numerous academic works, all these  demonstrated a prosperious scene at the academic circles in the Song Dynasty. This state was as good as offering abundant resources to the development of the academic note in the Song Dynasty. Secondly, this thesis makes a concrete analysis to  Huang Shi Ri Chao as an academic note. Why Huang Zhen selected the note to express his academic thoughts , the main reason is as following: First, the influence of times. Huang Zhen lived in the ending of the South Song Dynasty, at that time, the domestic trouble and foreign invasion confusion interweaved. The turbulent current political situation made the patriot Huang Zhen unable to absorbed himself in the research of the theory, he paid more attention to the reality, and emphasized how to apply the knowledge in the reality. So it was difficult for him to set up systematic academy. In addition, with the ferment of hundreds of years and the lasting effort of many generations, Neo-Confucianism reached the peak of the academy to some extent, especially Zhu Xi, he set up a huge scale and exquisite ideological system. The historical terms, such as the ferment of different thoughts, the dispute of different schools, couldn't be reproduced , Neo-Confucianism was already ripe, So it was difficult for the latter scholars to break through to some extent shortly, the latter scholars like Huang had to do something like summarizing or revising with their wise and abundant knowledge. However, the best way to do this was to record the thoughts while they were reading or thinking in the form of note .Second, the characteristic of note itself. The content is abundant, the form is free, the note takes the place to supplement the main writing style, these characteristics of note appealled to Huang Zhen . Because of the limit of the current political situation, Huang Zhen was unable to concentrate on the academic research whole-heartedly, and he had no time to finish the systematic monograph too. He selected the note because of its flexible form and its huge capacity, he could express his new thoughts freely. The second part is mainly about the analysis of the content of Huang Shi Ri Chao and the issue of its ownership in the catalogue.  Huang Shi Ri Chao is the collection of Huang Zhens reading note and his own works ,it had one hundred volumes when it was written at first, but now it has ninety four volumes. The first sixty eight volumes are about Huang Zhens reading note in the order of Classics, History, Philosophy, Literature. this part reflects Huang Zhens academic thoughts. From Huang Shi Ri Chao, we can know that, as an orthodox member of the Confucian school, Huang Zhen worshiped Confucian, maintained traditional classics, He paid more attention to the current academy, and tried his best to promote the development of Neo-Confucianism. From the reading note about the books of Confucian and the books written by the present authors, we can know Huang Zhens attitude is that he paid more attention to the present, but less to the ancient. He showed us the academic train of the development of Neo-Confucianism in the Song Dynasty according to his introduction about the scholars of Song Dynasty. Its good to the research of the latter scholars. From the reading note about historical books ,we can know Huang Zhens thoughts, such as talking history by means of the reasons, utilizing the knowledge in the reality. Certainly, these were common thoughts of the scholars in the Song Dynasty. Besides the theory of Confucians, Huang Zhen was indifferent to the theory of other philosophers, but as a scholar, he didnt reject them all,he selected the advantages of them with the dialectical method. The reading note about Literature focus on Huang Zhens comment to other authors, most of them are objective and proper, Certainly, some are inappropriate because of the emotional factors .The content written by Huang Zhen himself involved his memorial to the throne, the statement, etcs, almost fourteen types of the article. So many types offered reference to the latter research, we can also know the principles Huang Zhen based on when he handled with the business from his official documents. The principles are stressing practical results and doing business based on the people. At the same time, these official documents reproduce the social realities at that time vividly, they also provide the latter scholars with the valuable historical data about the social state in Song dynasty. The issue about the ownership of Huang Shi Ri Chao in the catalogue is hardly discussed at the present academic circles. The notes are generally included in the eclectic type of the sub department ,but Huang Shi Ri Chao as a note,it is included in the Confucianists type of the sub department alone, How to explain this difference? In order to get the answer ,this thesis analyses Kun Xue Ji Wen which enjoy equal fame with Huang Shi Ri Chao . Through the comparative analysis, the reason that the two are included in different classes is lain in: First, the academic source of the two authors is different, the characteristic Huang Zhen as an orthodox members of the traditional Confucianists is more conspicuous than Wang Yinglin, this is a main reason too. Second, according to the structure of the two, besides the articles written by Huang Zhen himself are inappropriate, the other parts of Huang Shi Ri Chao are orderly, and show the characteristic of Confucianism. But Kun Xue Ji Wen involves more knowledge classes besides Confucianism, its structure is even more at will, the characteristic of the miscellany is more conspicuous too. The third part of this thesis analyze mainly the reading methods of Huang Zhen from Huang Shi Ri Chao. The main content of Huang Shi Ri Chao is the reading notes written by Huang Zhen, so its easy for us to get the reading methods of Huang Zhen from it. Threre are two methods: First, dont totally believe the books, the people should do textual research by ourselves; Second, dont believe the s authority blindly, the people should dare to suspect the existing conclusion. these reading methods of Huang Zhen are beneficial to the latter readers. The concluding remarks of this thesis gives a brief comment and summary about Huang Shi Ri Chao.

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