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2011年历史文献学专业博士论文摘要
来源:清史所 作者:清史所 点击数:2304 更新时间:2015-6-3

2011年历史文献学专业博士论文摘要

1、李慈铭研究 

论文作者:谢冬荣
导师姓名:黄爱平
培养单位:历史学院清史所
论文名称:李慈铭研究 

中文摘要


    李慈铭是晚清时期著名的学者,他在藏书、读书、著述、学术等方面的成就颇受时人以及后人的关注。本文试图通过李慈铭个案研究,展示一位学者的生活与治学状况,从而探研晚清时期的社会与学术。 全文共分五章。 第一章“李慈铭生平简述”按照“悠游乡里”、“困顿京师”、“名起越中”、“京城名士”四个阶段,简要叙述了李慈铭的人生经历。 第二章“李慈铭交游研究”选择在生活、学术等方面与李慈铭交往较深、影响较大的二十九人,分为师长、友朋、弟子三类,分别叙述与李慈铭交往的经历。师长部分有宗稷辰、周祖培、刘有铭、潘曾绶、周寿昌、徐桐、李文田、王先谦,友朋部分有张星鉴、马新贻、桂文灿、陈骥、傅以礼、赵铭、黄以周、赵之谦、潘祖荫、王星諴、平步青、谭献、朱逌然、张之洞、王懿荣、朱一新、袁昶、曾之撰,弟子部分有陶方琦、樊增祥、孙咏裳。 第三章“李慈铭藏书研究”从藏书数、藏书范围、藏书地、藏书目、藏书印五方面阐述了李慈铭越缦堂藏书的概况,认为其藏书来源有四:购买、馈赠、交换、润笔,并总结了李慈铭藏书的特点是版本较晚、多批校题跋、多题签,最后探讨了藏书的流散过程。 第四章“李慈铭著述研究”先从诸家书目以及相关文献入手,概述李慈铭著述的著录情况;之后对现存著述一一略加叙述,或考订版本,或简述内容,以见李氏现存著述之概貌;最后简述见于记载、未见传本的佚书。《国朝儒林经籍小志》等数种此前一直以为失传的文献在此得以揭示。第五章“李慈铭学术研究”概述了李慈铭的为学经历,探讨了他的汉学观、宋学观、公羊学观、西学观,并总结了李慈铭在谥法、方志两方面的研究成就。李慈铭学无师承,不用亟亟限于一家之学。他远承乾嘉考据学之质朴学风,主张循文字、音韵、训诂以求义理,从事经史之考证与研究。他抵制西学,排斥西方之技,是晚清保守学者的典型人物之一。 

英文摘要


    Li Ciming was a famous scholar in the Late Qing Dynasty whose achievements in book collection, reading, writings and academy attracted the attentions of the public at that era and later. It can be learned from the case research on Li Ciming that the lives and studies of the famous scholars as well as the situations of the society and academy during the Late Qing Dynasty.   There are five chapters in the paper: In the first chapter, the biography of Li Ciming is introduced according to the sequence of 4 life stages that are leisure in the homeland, struggling in the Capital, making a figure in Yuezhong, being celebrity of the Capital. The second chapter is the research on the association of Li Ciming. The important persons influenced his lives and academy deeply are chosen to be introduced which are classified into teachers, friends and students. The group of teachers involves Zong Jichen, Zhou Zupei, Liu Youming, Pan Cengshou, Zhou Shouchang, Xu Tong, Li Wentian, Wang Xianqian. In the part of friends, the celebrities are introduced including Zhang Xingjian, Ma Xinyi, Gui Wencan, Chen Ji, Fu Yili, Zhao Ming, Huang Yizhou, Zhao Zhiqian, Pan Zuyin, Wang Xingxian,Ping Buqing, Tan Xian, Zhu  Youran, Zhang Zhidong, Wang Yirong, Zhu Yixin, Yuan Chang, Zeng Zhizhuan.Tao Fangqi, Fan Zengxiang, Sun Yongshang belong to the student group. The third chapter focuses on the book collection of Li Ciming. His private library Yue Man Tang is introduced from 5 aspects including the book quantities, scales, bibliographies and collection seals. The sources of the collections are concluded that are purchase, donation, exchange, and award. The characters of his collection are that the editions are relative late; most copies have postils, collations, prefaces, postscripts and title labels. At last the diaspora of his collections is researched as well. The forth chapter is the research on the works of Li Ciming. Through the various bibliographies and related literatures, the descriptions of Li Ciming’s works can be learned. The situations of his works preserved today can be concluded after the analyzing, textual research on the editions or contents. At last, the lost books recorded in the documents are introduced. Several books including Works of the Confucian scholars in the Qing Dynasty had been identified as the lost in the past are described in this part. In the fifth chapter, the research on the academic achievements of Li Ciming, his scholarship is summarized. It is analyzed in the phrase that the concept of Sinology, the views of the Song Study and Gongyang-studies and Western Learning. The achievements on Shi-fa and local history are also introduced as well. Li Ciming was not restricted by one single school since his academy was not inherited from an identified teacher.  From the textual criticism tradition of the Qian-jia School, he proposed excavating the argumentation from the character, phonology and exegesis, pursing the research on the Confucian Classics and History. He was one of the typical conservative scholars in the Late Qing Dynasty for he resisted the Western Learning and the western technology.  

2、《清儒学案》研究
论文作者:刘凤强
导师姓名:黄爱平
培养单位:历史学院清史所
论文名称:《清儒学案》研究

中文摘要


    民国时期,由徐世昌主编,夏孙桐、金兆蕃、王式通、闵尔昌、朱彭寿、曹秉章、傅增湘等人参与纂修的《清儒学案》,共计208卷,收录清代学者一千余人,是一部内容丰富,体例完备的清代学术史著作。《清儒学案》编纂完成后,由于种种原因,在很长时间中未受到学术界重视,但近些年来,不断有新的影印本及整理本问世,这表明其文献及学术价值越来越受到世人关注,然迄今为止,对《清儒学案》的研究还很薄弱,尚未有人对此作专题研究,因此,对《清儒学案》作全面系统的研究是一项十分重要而有意义的工作。本文以《清儒学案书札》、编纂者文集和《清儒学案》为主要文献依据,从编纂背景、编纂者、编纂过程、体例与内容、学术价值及缺陷五个方面对之加以研究。作者认为,《清儒学案》之编纂包含了徐世昌等人对学术发展的探索,凝结着徐世昌政、教合一的期望。在体裁方面,《清儒学案》在继承《明儒学案》、《宋元学案》体裁基础上,结合清代学术的特殊性加以变通,进一步丰富了学案体裁的形式,较全面地反映了清代学术发展状况。在学术史方面,《清儒学案》基本上反映了清代三个阶段的学术状况,全面系统地梳理了清代理学、汉学的发展过程,并分析了二者关系,是一部具有较高价值的清代学术史著作。但另一方面,《清儒学案》也存在着思想保守落后、校勘不慎等诸多缺陷。文章各部分主要内容如下:《绪论》简述《清儒学案》研究意义、研究现状,以及本文的研究方法与结构安排。第一章《清儒学案》编纂背景,分为三个方面,一是讨论二十世纪初的学术与政治,为研究徐世昌编纂《清儒学案》动机提供社会场景;二是从清中期以来的清代学术史编纂看《清儒学案》的学术继承与辨正;三是从体裁方面讨论《清儒学案》编纂的学术背景,并分析编纂《清儒学案》面临的一些难题。第二章《清儒学案》编纂者学行考述,主要探讨编纂者学术观、文献编纂贡献,以及他们对清代学术史的研究。在重点论述徐世昌、夏孙桐学术的同时,又进一步探讨了编纂者的共同特点。第三章《清儒学案》的编纂与版本,详细论述了《清儒学案》编纂过程,梳理了其版本流传情况。第四章《清儒学案》体例与内容,分为三个部分,一论《凡例》,结合正文内容及夏孙桐的《拟清儒学案凡例》讨论《凡例》的得失,并订补其遗误;二论人物传记,与其它人物传记相比,考察其特色与不足之处;三论案主资料的选录,探寻《清儒学案》选录资料的原则。第五章《清儒学案》对清代学术史的梳理与总结,根据《清儒学案•序》分为初、中、晚三个阶段讨论其梳理清代学术史概况,并分析其总结清代学术史的特色与不足。第六章《清儒学案》重编与新编,论钱穆的《清儒学案》与杨向奎的《清儒学案新编》,钱穆、杨向奎均不满徐世昌的《清儒学案》而重新加以编撰,研究钱、杨之作可以反映徐世昌所编《清儒学案》对后世的影响。本文主要从体例与学术史阐释角度论述这两部著作的得失,并从中考察徐世昌所编《清儒学案》的地位。结语部分对《清儒学案》作了简要总结,提出本文的主要观点,力求与第一章相衔接,并能与其它章节相呼应。最后,笔者将平时的读书笔记加以整理,撰成《〈清儒学案〉札记》及《三种整理本概况》附于文末,供再次点校《清儒学案》者参考。 

英文摘要


    Edited by Xu Shichang, and Xia Suntong, Jin Zhaofan, Wang Shitong, Min Erchang, Zhu Pengshou, Cao Bingzhang, Fu Zengxiang and other scholars involved in Compilation in The Republic of China, Qing Ru Xue An has 208 volumes, which collects the Qing Dynasty scholars more than a thousand people, and it is a learning history book that has rich content and complete writing style. Due to various reasons,scholars hadn’t pay attention to the book for a long time, but in recent years, there have been new versions come out, it indicates that more and more scholars pay attention to its value. However, the study on Qing Ru Xue An is still very weak, no Comprehensive studies in the academic. So, a comprehensively study on Qing Ru Xue An is a very important and meaningful work. Qing Ru Xue An Shu Zha, Corpus of compilers and Qing Ru Xue An as the main basis of the literature, there are five aspects which is background of compilation, compilers, process of compilation, themes and content, academic value and defects to be studied on the book in this dissertation. Based on the research, the author proposes that Qing Ru Xue An includes academic development of exploration of Xu Shichang and other compilers, and it condenses Xu Shichang’s expectations on integrating political and academic. In the writing style, Qing Ru Xue An combined with the specificity of Qing learning, it modified the style of Ming Ru Xue An and Song Yuan Xue An, and enriched the style to reflect the academic development of the Qing learning comprehensively. In the academic aspect, Qing Ru Xue An is a high value works on the history of Qing learning, which generally reflects the three stages of the history of Qing learning, and exposited the development of Li Xue and Han Xue, and analyzes the relationship between the two. On the other hand, in the book, there are also accidentally conservative and backward thinking, and many other defects in collation. The main parts of the dissertation are follows: The preface is the introduction of the research significance ,status, method and gist in this dissertation. The first chapter is the background of compilation, which divided into three parts, the first part discusses the political and academic of the early twentieth century, it could provide social scene for studying Xu Shichang’s motivation; the second studies that Qing Ru Xue An inherits and changes the academic of Qing history since the middle of the Qing Dynasty; the third discusses the writing style, and analyzes the difficulties to compile Qing Ru Xue An. The second chapter investigates the life and academic of the compilers. The author discusses the academic views of the main compilers and their contribution on literature compilation, as well as their study of the history of Qing learning. Focus on the academic of Xu Shichang and Xia Suntong, the author also further explores the common characteristics of the compilers. The third chapter is compilaiton and publication of Qing Ru Xue An. In this chapter, the author disserts the process of compilaiton and circulation of its version in detail. The fourth Chapter is the style and content of Qing Ru Xue An. This chapter also divided into three parts, the first discusses the gains and deficiencies of Legend with text content and the drafting of Xia Suntong, and set make up for the left and deficiencies; the second studies features and shortcomings of the biographies compared with other biographies; the third investigates the principle of selected data. The fifth chapter discusses Qing Ru Xue An how to dissert and summarize the history of Qing learning, which divides into early, middle and later stages, according to the preface of Qing Ru Xue An. The sixth chapter discusses the new and renumbered of Qing Ru Xue An. Qian Mu and Yang Xiangkui are dissatisfied with Xu Shichang’s Qing Ru Xue An, so, they renumbered it, we could investigate the impaction of Xu Shichang’s Qing Ru Xue An by Qian Mu and Yang Xiangkui’s books. The author investigates Xu Shichang’s Qing Ru Xue An impaction from style and content two aspects. In conclusion, the author gives a brief summary of the main points of this dissertation, sought to link up with the first chapter, and could correspond with other sections. Finally, the author composes Notes of Qing Ru Xue An and Overview of The three Proofreading Versions, which based on reading notes in the research process, wish to provide reference for proofreading later.  

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